Huge amount of money is required for planning, designing and executing a city water supply scheme. The first investment as well as the RMO (i.e. Running, Maintenance and Operation) charges, along with depreciation and interest charges, must be returned by the beneficiaries in the form of revenue returns from the sale of water, which is generally measured by meters. It is therefore, necessary to work out fair and reasonable charges for the sale of treated water, in addition to designing the project. In a developing country like India, the problem of availability of funds for the first investment is sometimes very difficult to be solved, as money is required for financing various other important projects such as those of flood control, education, defense, health etc. this is the main reason as to why in our big metropolitan cities, the water supply schemes remain much under-developed* and almost totally undeveloped** in villages and towns. most of our village folk are till today fetching and bringing water on their heads from distant wells or ponds, and there is no provision for testing or purifying those waters. even in towns, where municipal committees do exist, there are no sufficient provisions even for testing and purifying those are not sufficient provisions even for testing and purifying the drinking water supplies. this author having personal experience of living in a towns (Palwal) where numerous cases of water supplies. let us therefore in all sincerity appeal to the Indian Government that it should try to curtail expenses on luxurious livings and should invest that money on improving the town and villages water supplies, as also the sewerage and drainage arrangements, so that our villages no longer remain heaps of filth, dung and garbage. the Indian socialistic Government under the leadership of Late Pt. Jwahar Lal Nehru and his daughter smt Indira Gandhi, had definitely achieved some remarkable success in the fields of irrigation, education, atomic energy, defense etc. but unfortunately the field of public health engineering remains very much neglected purely for want of funds. let us hope that day is not far off when this field will also get its due share and a good treatment from the hands of our planners, as most of the money being spend on medicines. etc. can be saved f unadulterated foods, proper sanitation, better hygiene, and above all sage and wholesome water are made available to the general public.
* None of the Metropolitan cities of India (Including Delhi) is being supplied water for 24 hours of the day. even Calcutta, where the first modern water supply system was installed in 1870, still faces shortage of water due to silting of hoogly river.
** Only 16 percent of Indian towns and 5percent population is being served, at present by modern water supply schemes, whereas American is having such facilities for each and every city.
Reference: Environmental Engineering (Vol. 1) Water Supply Engineering by: Santosh Kumar Garg page # 02 – 03