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afaque

Afaque is a blog writer on engrz.com and also maintains the Websites as a part time.

Objectives of Industrial Safety

The objectives of industrial safety are as follows: 1. Industrial safety is needed to check all the possible chances of accidents for preventing loss of life and permanent disability of any industrial employee, any damage to machine and material as it leads to the loss to the whole establishment. 2. …

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PLANNING FOR INDUSTRIAL SAFETY

Mis-happening of a large number of fire hazards, accidents, industrial disasters etc., can be reduced to the minimum possible extent through careful safety planning within an industrial organization. All these unwanted events can be prevented by effective planning for safety. Safety consideration includes proper layout of buildings and equipment, such …

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SAFETY CONCEPTS

In all kinds of industries, each shop supervisor is generally assigned the responsibility of safety in his shop regarding the men, machines and materials. Every supervisor in each shop ensures to the top executives in respect of all kinds of the safety matters. He is supposed to incorporate all new …

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COMPUTERS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

Factors governing increased productivity, more accuracy, greater flexibility of shapes, and reduced manufacturing costs are forcing the manufacturing concerns to use computers in design, manufacturing and other allied functions of industrial activities. With an increase in the need for quality manufacturing along with the factors such as short lead time …

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PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT

A product development has to go through the following concepts of product engineering which are given as under. Product functions 1. Product specifications 2. Conceptual design 3. Ergonomics and aesthetics 4. Standards 5. Detailed design 6. Prototype development 7. Testing 8. Simulation 9. Design for manufacture 10. Design for assembly …

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Engine Components

The following is a list of major components found in most reciprocating internal combustion engines (see Fig. 1-15). Block: Body of engine containing the cylinders, made of cast iron or aluminum. In many older engines, the valves and valve ports were contained in the block. The block of water-cooled engines …

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Mass Moment of Inertia

It has been established since long that a rigid body is composed of small particles. If the mass of every particle of a body is multiplied by the square of its perpendicular distance from a fixed line, then the sum of these quantities (for the whole body) is known as …

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SI UNITS AND CONVERSION FACTORS

ACCELERATION feet per second per second = 30.48 centimeters per second per second = 0.3048 meters per second per second free fall (standard) = 9.8067 meters per second per second kilometers per hour per second = 27.778 centimeters per second per second = 0.9113 feet per second per second = …

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Accident Prevent Measures

Few safety measures commonly used in industries comprise of the proper safety guards for reciprocating machine components such as drop hammers, presses, shaper, slotter, power hacksaw, paper cutters etc., fencing of dangerous and rotating parts like revolving shafts, incorporating safety devices such as safety valves, rigid construction of heavy items …

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4-Stroke Engine Basic Operations

1. Intake Stroke – The inlet valve is opened and the fuel/air mixture is drawn in as the piston travels down. 2. Compression Stroke – The inlet valve is closed and the piston travels back up the cylinder compressing the fuel/air mixture. Just before piston reaches the top of its …

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