web statistics

Mechanical Engineering

Functions in Manufacturing

There are certain basic functions that must be carried out to convert raw materials into finished product. For a firm engaged in making discrete products, the functions are: 1. Processing 2. Assembly 3. Material handling and storage 4. Inspection and test 5. Control   The first four of these functions …

Read More »

Safety Precautions while Working on Lathe Machine

One should always be sure that all guards are in place before running the machine. 2. Always clamp the work and tool properly with correct size of work and tool holding device. 3. Always keep the machine clear of tools. 4. Machine should be stopped before making measurements or adjustments. …

Read More »

Safety by Workplace Layout and Proper Working Conditions

Some safety using workplace layout and proper working conditions are given as under: 1. A suitable layout and proper working conditions play an important role in preventing accidents which would have otherwise occurred. 2. Moving path or passage ways should be clearly marked and never be obstructed. 3. Every employee …

Read More »

Comparison of Line or Product Layout and Process or Functional Layout

Comparison of line or product layout and process or functional layout is given in Table 2.1. Table 2.1 Comparison of Line or Product Layout and Process or Functional Layout

Read More »

Types of Layouts

The fulfilling the objectives of a good layout as per yearly product requirement and product types, the layouts are classified into four major categories namely fixed or position layout, line or product layout, process or functional layout and combination or group layout. Each kind of layouts is explained with respective …

Read More »

Merits of a good plant layout

The main advantages of a good plant layout involve effectively and economical utilization of entire floor space of the plant, increased rate of production, reduced men and machine hours per unit of production, reduced material handling, minimal production delays, effective utilization of men, machinery, material and other factory support services, …

Read More »

Objectives of a good plant layout

Good plant layout comprises of best possible arrangement of the buildings, men, machine and materials for processing a under taken product. The main objectives of a good plant layout involves minimum material movement, smooth flow of the product in the plant, full utilization of the space of the plant, provide …

Read More »

Types of Production

Another way of classifying production activity is according to the quantity of product made. In this classification, there are three types of production: 1. Job shop production 2. Batch production 3. Mass production This classification is normally associated with discrete-product manufacture, but it can also serve for plants used in …

Read More »

Types of Automation

Automated Production systems can best be classified into three basic types Fixed Automation Programmable automation Flexible Automation Fixed automation: is system in which the sequence of processing ( or assembly) operations is fixed by the equipment configuration. The operation in the sequence are usually simple. It is the integration and …

Read More »

Introduction to Automation

INTRODUCTION: Automation is a technology concerned with the application of mechanical, electronic and computer-based systems to operate and control production. This technology includes: Automatic Machine tools to process parts Automatic assembly machines Industrial robots Automatic material handling and storage systems Automatic inspection systems for quality control Feedback control and computer …

Read More »