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MANUFACTURING SYSTEM

Manufacturing basically implies making of goods or articles and providing services to meet the needs of mankind. It creates value by useful application of physical and mental-labor in the process. It is a chain of interrelated activities of production process and other support services activities of an manufacturing environment such as order processing, product design, design and manufacturing of tools, ... Read More »

KINDS OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

The choice of production type dictates the machine requirements, organizational system to a large extent, layout planning and inventory subsystems. Three main types of production are job, batch and flow or process production. The simplest way is to classify based on production and processes by lot size, namely single unit production, small lot production, moderate lot production, large lot production, ... Read More »

COMPUTER AIDED MANUFACTURING (CAM)

The computer aided manufacturing implies manufacturing itself, aided or controlled by computers. In a wider sense, it denotes all the activities in the manufacturing environment like use of computers in inventory control, project management, material requirement planning, data acquisition, testing and quality control. Improved reliability in view of the better manufacturing methods and controls at the manufacturing stage, the products ... Read More »

MECHANIZATION AND AUTOMATION

Mechanization means something is done or operated by machinery and not by hand. Mechanization of the manufacturing means is milestone oriented trend towards minimizing the human efforts to the extent of its possibility, by adopting mechanical and electrical means or methods for automating the different manufacturing processes. Such a trend may be in the area of automating and mechanizing the ... Read More »

INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL

A product is manufactured to perform desired functions. It must have a specified dimension such as length, width, height, diameter and surface smoothness to perform or accomplish its intended function. It means that each product requires a defined size, shape and other characteristics as per the design specifications. For manufacturing the product to the specified size, the dimensions should be ... Read More »

PRODUCT SIMPLIFICATION AND STANDARDISATION

The technique of simplification and standardization of product is closely inter-related that leads to higher efficiency in production, better quality and reduced production cost. Simplification is a process of determining limited number of grades, types and sizes of a components or products or parts in order to achieve better quality control, minimize waste, simplify production and, thus, reduce cost of ... Read More »

Processes Effecting Change in Properties

Processes effecting change in properties are generally employed to provide certain specific properties to the metal work pieces for making them suitable for particular operations or use. Some important material properties like hardening, softening and grain refinement are needed to jobs and hence are imparted by heat treatment. Heat treatments affect the physical properties and also make a marked change ... Read More »

Surface Finishing Processes

Surface finishing processes are utilized for imparting intended surface finish on the surface of a job. By imparting a surface finishing process, dimension of part is not changed functionally; either a very negligible amount of material is removed from the certain material is added to the surface of the job. These processes should not be misunderstood as metal removing processes ... Read More »

Joining Processes

Many products observed in day-to-day life, are commonly made by putting many parts together may be in subassembly. For example, the ball pen consists of a body, refill, barrel, cap, and refill operating mechanism. All these parts are put together to form the product as a pen. More than 800 parts are put together to make various subassemblies and final ... Read More »

Metal Forming Processes

Forming processes encompasses a wide variety of techniques, which make use of suitable force, pressure or stresses, like compression, tension and shear or their combination to cause a permanent deformation of the raw material to impart required shape. These processes are also known as mechanical working processes and are mainly classified into two major categories i.e., hot working processes and ... Read More »

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